China condemns United States nuke report; tells to shun cold-war mentality'

Iran says US nuclear policy brings world 'closer to annihilation'

Iran says US nuclear policy brings world 'closer to annihilation'

It says Russian Federation and China are rapidly modernizing their nuclear capabilities.

China said it "firmly" opposed the Pentagon's nuclear policy review.

President Donald Trump's nuclear doctrine breaks with his predecessor, Barack Obama, by ending a push to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in US military policy.

The Pentagon said last week that the planned tactical warhead for some ballistic missiles and the reintroduction of a nuclear-tipped cruise missile would help to deter a limited nuclear strike.

Upgrades to its nuclear arsenal have received less attention, partly because of its small size, estimated by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute at just 270 warheads compared to 6,800 for the US. John Rood, Undersecretary of Defence for Policy, said: "There is no automaticity to this policy", when asked how the USA would manage responses to cases of "extreme circumstances".

The new nuclear policy is significantly more hawkish than the posture adopted by the administration of former President Barack Obama, which sought to reduce the role of nuclear weapons in the US military.

Avoidance of "automaticity", a system where there is an automated retaliation in the form of a nuclear strike, and the need for new low-yield nuclear weapons are among the highlights of the Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) of the USA government released over the weekend.

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"The United States already possesses a diverse array of nuclear capabilities, and there is no evidence that more usable weapons will strengthen deterrence of adversaries or compel them to make different choices about their arsenals", Mr. Kimball wrote on the group's website.

The report said the United States strategy for China is created to "prevent Beijing from mistakenly concluding that it could secure an advantage through the limited use of its theatre nuclear capabilities or that any use of nuclear weapons, however limited, is acceptable".

Shanahan argued the clarification was "stabilizing" because he said having a nuclear response option to extreme non-nuclear attacks "lowers the risk of nuclear use by anyone".

During his campaign, Trump promised to expand and strengthen the United States' nuclear arsenal.

Mattis told reporters the United States should not put all of its focus into defending attacks because it also needs better offensive options that match other countries' nuclear abilities.

The Defense Ministry statement said global peace and development "are irreversible trends" and called on Washington to work with Beijing to "jointly safeguard peace, stability and prosperity in this region and the world".

In 1970, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or NPT, was ratified, and it was extended indefinitely in 1995. "Only that solution will do".

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