These two foods could help ex-smokers' lungs heal

Researchers found the same life-extending benefits are achieved from consuming two tomatoes each day

Researchers found the same life-extending benefits are achieved from consuming two tomatoes each day

Not only the adequate intake of tomatoes improves the lung health but also helps the former smokers to fix the damage caused by tobacco.

If you have kicked the smoking habit but are anxious about the strength of your lungs, eating a lot of fresh tomatoes and fruits - especially apples - can slow your decline in lung function caused by your cigarettes, according to a study at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

For smokers who've managed to quit, the road to fully repairing lungs damaged by the habit may seem like a long one.

The researchers asked former smokers who participated in the study about other dietary sources such as dishes and processed foods containing fruits and vegetables (such as tomato sauce or ketchup), but the protective effect was observed only in fresh fruit and vegetables. A new study has shown that person who eats two tomatoes per day promotes the slower rate of natural lung function decline.

Prof. Vanessa Garcia-Larsen of the Bloomberg School's department of worldwide health and the study's lead author explained, "This study shows that diet might help fix lung damage in people who have stopped smoking".

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They found that the rate of lung decline, which happens normally in people from about the age of 30, was slower in those who ate more tomatoes and other fruit. The study is one of the longest ever conducted analyzing the impact of fruits and vegetables on human health, and unlike previous studies, where many participants had pre-existing conditions, the research was based on a sample representative of the general population.

"She added", The findings support the need for dietary recommendations, especially for people at risk of developing respiratory diseases such as COPD".

Smoking and air pollution with microparticles often leads to the development of so-called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), when airways gradually narrow due to the inflammation of the lung tissue. Questionnaires were given to the participants who belonged from Germany, Norway and the United Kingdom in order to analyse their diet and nutrition. But it turns out, beyond quitting, there are other steps former smokers can take to help fix their lungs - and that includes a diet rich in tomatoes and apples.

The test collects two standard measurements of lung function: Forced Exhaled Volume in 1 second (FEV1), which measures how much air a person can expel from their lungs in one second; and Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), the total amount of air a person can inhale in 6 seconds.

The foods' respiratory benefits might not just be restricted to ex-smokers, noted researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore.

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