Japan imposed a set of unilateral sanctions following missile tests by Pyongyang in 2006 and has extended them several times, in addition to sanctions imposed in line with U.N. Security Council resolutions.
Council members said they "deplore" all North Korean ballistic missile activity, stressing that it contributes to the country's development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and diverts resources from the needs of its people.
The Pentagon can defend against any North Korean missile threat, but Pyongyang's rapidly evolving weapons program is shrinking the warning time ahead of a launch, a top United States general said on Thursday.
And now, experts agree, North Korea is closing in on the ability to hit the United States with a missile, a goal that for decades has been the subject of Pyongyang's vivid propaganda posters.
On Wednesday, North Korea launched a projectile about 60 kilometers into the Sea of Japan.
The council the failed test followed a missile launch on March 21 and two additional rounds of launches and an engine test in February and March.
The Japanese government has chose to extend unilateral sanctions against North Korea by two years, Trade Minister Hiroshige Seko said on Friday.
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Ralph Cossa, president of the Pacific Forum CSIS think tank in Honolulu, said he was expecting North Korea would do something to coincide with the Trump-Xi summit, perhaps conduct a nuclear test.
An Air Force general says she is extremely confident the United States could intercept a ballistic missile fired by North Korea.
North Korea is pushing hard to upgrade its weapons systems to cope with what it calls USA hostility.
This year, North Korea officials, including young leader Kim Jong Un, have repeatedly indicated an ICBM test, or something similar, could be coming, possibly as soon as April 15, the 105th birthday of North Korea's founding president and celebrated annually as "the Day of the Sun".
Many weapons experts say the North could have a functioning nuclear-tipped missile capable of reaching the continental US within a few years.
The launch was North Korea's latest in a long series of missile and nuclear tests that have accelerated in their variation and intensity over the last two years.
The North's latest missile launch also came as it is responding annual military drills between the United States and South Korea with weapons tests and harsh rhetoric.