The Democrats who supported Gorsuch were Sen. Joe Donnelly (D-Ind.) and Sen.
All Senate-approved presidential appointments will follow this rule in the future.
But Democrats were unable to pull back from the brink, partly because they remain livid over McConnell's decision a year ago to block Obama's Supreme Court nominee, Judge Merrick Garland, who was denied even a hearing after the death of Justice Antonin Scalia in February 2016. "Additional commentary on Gorsuch's nomination comes from Edward Blum in National Review, who takes issue with another commentator's characterization of Gorsuch as an "'an affirmative action baby'". They expect Gorsuch to, in effect, restore the working conservative majority that was in place when Justice Antonin Scalia was alive.
The Alabama Policy Institute, a conservative think tank, noted that Gorsuch's confirmation will help reverse trends of liberal activism on the high court.
"It's a fight they have waged for decades with a singular aim, securing raw power no matter the cost to the country or the institution", he said on the floor of the Senate. "He has the independence of mind for fairness". He also tried to adjourn until the evening, but was also unsuccessful.
In a 54 to 45 vote, the Senate confirmed President Donald Trump's nominee to the nation's highest court. "If he is instead a justice for the Federalist Society and the Heritage Foundation, that will spell trouble for America". The Senate's 52 Republicans threatened to use the nuclear option to break the filibuster and did so on Thursday.
The Senate change, affecting how many votes a nominee needs for confirmation, will apply to future Supreme Court candidates, likely ensuring more ideological justices chosen with no need for consultation with the minority party.
But despite the opposition to Gorsuch, his confirmation was never seriously in doubt and he flew remarkably under the radar.
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Sen. Richard Shelby (R-Ala.) said "Judge Gorsuch is one of the most qualified nominees that I have seen while serving in the United States Senate".
After watching Senate Republicans obstruct Barack Obama for almost two full terms, anything that gets rid of future Republican obstruction is a trade worth making.
Alabama's junior senator, Luther Strange (R-Ala.), noted that Gorsuch's selection and confirmation to the Supreme Court came from a direct democratic mandate of the people. FiveThirtyEight analyzed Gorsuch's immigration decisions and revealed the judge took a surprisingly moderate view, siding with immigrants in 10% of cases, as compared to the nine percent average among the circuit court's judges overall.
"This will be the first and last partisan filibuster of a Supreme Court nomination", McConnell vowed ahead of Thursday's votes.
"Justice Gorsuch shares Justice Scalia's judicial philosophy and we are confident he will rule to overturn the illegitimate marriage decision".
"The great project of Justice Scalia's career was to remind us of the differences between judges and legislators". "But that judges should do none of these things in a democratic society".
Interestingly, the long-awaited confirmation took place after Trump ordered the United States military to launch 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles at the Syrian military airfield in Ash Sha'irat, located about 40 kilometers (25 miles) from the city of Homs, a move praised by most of the USA lawmakers some of whom previously had blocked the Supreme Court nominee's confirmation. Justice Anthony Kennedy, for whom Gorsuch once clerked, is 80 and may be contemplating retirement. His mother, Anne Gorsuch Burford, was administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency in the Reagan administration until she was forced out after a dispute with Congress.
He served as a partner at a prestigious Washington Law firm, Kellogg, Huber as well as Principal Deputy Associate Attorney General.